Phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activity of coccinia cordifolia l. This vegetable is famous in west bengal and northeastern states of assam. In the present study we have extracted dried plant of coccinia cordifolia in hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol 70%vv and methanol which was collected from araku, visakhapatnam dist, andhra pradesh, india. This can occur when humans transport organic debris or equipment containing c. Coccinia indica plant has been used in india centuries before as traditional medicine in ayurveda and vegetable. During the past several years, there has been increasing interest among the people for the uses of various medicinal plants for the treatment of different diseases. Coccinia indica is a creeper which grows wildly in bangladesh and in many parts of the indian subcontinent. Ingestion of an extract made from its dried leaves, often mixed with the dried roots of abroma augusta, lowers blood sugars. Effect of supplementation of coccinia cordifolia extract on. Ivy gourd coccinia grandis voigt, coccinia cordifolia, coccinia indica in human nutrition and traditional applications. The plant is a perennial herb that contains tuberous roots often forming a dense covering over the flora.
Coccinia grandis is a type plant belonging to the cucurbitaceae. Medicinal plants and phytoconstituents play an important role in the management of diabetes. Ethnomedical profile of different parts of coccinia cordifolia. The plant is occasionally cultivated for its edible fruit and also its medicinal uses in tropical and subtropical zones, especially in india, malaysia and indonesia46. Antimicrobial activity of coccinia grandis against biofilm. Phytochemical screening and gcms analysis in wild variety of. Publisher council of scientific and industrial research, new delhi.
Antibacterial, coccinia grandis, agar well diffusion, minimal inhibitory concentration mic. It can form dense mats that readily cover shrubs and small trees csurhes and edwards 1998. Cultivation coccinia indica is a wellknown vegetable grown in the coastal which is high in nutritive value. Bihar, orissa maharashtra, andhra pradesh, tamil nadu as a vegetable and its wild form is also. Coccinia indica synonym coccinia cordifolia, an herb that belongs to the cucurbitaceae family and that grows abundantly in india, has been widely used in traditional treatment of diabetes.
This is attributed to the activity of plant substances which lactate dehydrogenize in glycol tic. Nutritional value and health benefits of coccinia grandis ivy gourd ripe red fruit of sweettasting cultivars are eaten raw, or they are peeled and cut into pieces and prepared as a stew with onions and tomatoes. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of coccinia cordifolia on blood glucose levels of incident type 2 diabetic patients requiring only dietary or lifestyle modifications. Wasantwisut e, viriyapanich t 2003 ivy gourd coccinia grandis voigt, coccinia cordifolia, coccinia indica in human nutrition and traditional applications. This well known vegetable plant is described for the treatment of intestinal worms, skin diseases, for inducing emesis and purgation in panchakarma therapy. The whole vegetable is consumed in some regions, while only the shoots are eaten in other parts of the globe.
Once the ivy gourd is established, it is presumably spread by birds, rats, and other mammals. Coccinia indica synonym coccinia cordifolia, a herb that belongs to the cucurbitaceae family and that grows abundantly in india, is widely used in the traditional treatment of diabetes mellitus. The plant of the veggie is additionally utilized for offering relief to the bowel problems. Antibacterial, antioxidant and cell proliferative propert ies of coccinia. Jul 17, 2007 effect of coccinia cordifolia extract on blood sugar of newly diagnosed diabetics the safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information.
The effect of coccinia indica as blood glucose and blood lipidlowering medicinal plant has been demonstrated in numerous studies. However, carefully controlled studies of its efficacy are lacking. Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning. It is also cultivated in different parts of southeast asia. Voigt is an accepted name this name is the accepted name of a species in the genus coccinia family cucurbitaceae. Effect of coccinia cordifolia extract on blood sugar of newly.
In addition to being a staple of indian, indonesian, and thai cuisines, the fruit is believed to offer health benefits. Introduction the use of plants and plant products as medicines could be traced back from human civilization. These extracts were checked for its antioxidant and their phyto chemical constituents. Doubleblind phase i clinical trial was conducted at the general hospital and a private hospital in matara in august 2009. Coccinia leaves, when administered orally twice a day for six weeks, to patients with untreated but uncomplicated maturity onset diabetes. The homoeo medicine is an extract of the bitter variety. Coccinia is placed in the tribe benincaseae and comprises about 30 species, all of them confined to tropical africa with the exception of coccinia grandis. Since wild variety coccinia indica fruits are bitter in nature therefore they can be utilized for the therapeutic properties which have been demonstrated by the researchers in domesticated coccinia indica.
There are different species of ivy gourd, including coccinia indica, coccinia cordifolia, and coccinia grandis, which are often compared to bitter melon. Healing certain diseases since times immemorial, the ivy gourd has been utilized like a cure for asthma, leprosy, bronchitis and jaundice. It is indigenous plant of central africa, india and asia and is cultivated abundantly in india assam. Ivy gourd facts and nutritional value health benefits times. Benefits, ayurveda usage, remedies, research, side effects ivy gourd, botanically coccinia indica is known in ayurveda as bimbi. Coccinia definition of coccinia by medical dictionary. The medicinal uses of coccinia plant can be traced to an ancient period, where the juice of the roots and leaves was used in the treatment of diabetes, gonorrhoea, and constipation rao et al. A decoction of the plant is used to treat chest colds.
Ivy gourd, coccinia grandis, cephalandra indica, coccinia cordifoliawight and arnott, 2014. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the u. Role of the water extract from coccinia indica stem on the stimulation of glucose transport in l8 myotubes. Year 1998 isbn 9290611189 description excellent guide to 102 medicinal herbs of the pacific islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial efficacy of coccinia grandis against biofilm and extended spectrum of beta lactamase esbl producing uropathogenic escherichia coli upec. Medicinal uses cephalandra indica is acknowledged as a patent homoeopathic remedy for blood sugar and blood urea problems, and as the mother tincture it is used along with syzigium. Other vegetables may be added such as garden egg, bottle gourd, ridge gourd, okra and pulses. Coccinia grandis is a perennial growing to 3 m 9ft 10in. This is attributed to the activity of plant substances which lactate dehydrogenize in glycol tic metabolism, and lipoprotein lipase activity in the lipolytic pathway check and correct the activity of glucose6. Phytochemical and pharmacological screening of coccinia grandis. Traditional medicinal remedies for diabetes article pdf available in south african journal of botany 98.
Jul, 2015 coccinia grandis also called baby watermelon ivy gourd has medicinal properties used for treating diseases like leprosy, asthma, fever, jaundice, etc. Role of herbs in the management and control of diabetes has emerged fast over the years. Jan 12, 2020 ivy gourd is a plant grown in tropical climates that is used for food and medicinal purposes. Traditional uses of medicinal plants in polonnaruwa. The stems, leaves, roots and fruit all goes to making of the medicinal extract. The coccinia grandis has good potential of medicinal values and chemical. Medicinal uses the plant has wide spread medicinal uses as shown in fig. The fruits of coccinia grandis is utilized as a vegetable when green and. Sri lanka harbors over 3000 plant species, and most of these plants have been of immense importance in the traditional systems of medicine in the country.
Medicinal value of various parts of coccinia grandis table 3. This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Coccinia grandis also called baby watermelon ivy gourd has medicinal properties used for treating diseases like leprosy, asthma, fever, jaundice, etc. Vegetable farming method is widely used for its cultivation. The scientific name of ivy gourd in coccinia grandis. Journal of pharmacy research, 5 many clinical trial studies has proven effectiveness and safety of this plant. The immature fruit and shoot tips are used in asian cooking muniappan et al.
Studies on phyto chemical constituents, quantification of. Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Antiinflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activity of fruit and leaves were also found to be significant. It is commonly known as telachucha, tindora, scarletfruited gourd and ivygourd. Ivy gourd risk assessment department of agriculture and. It has distinctive taste and is also full of important nutrient, viotamin and minerals. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of coccinia cordifolia on blood glucose levels of incident type 2 diabetic patients requiring only dietary or lifestyle. It is natively found in india, asia and central africa. It is concluded that methanolic extract of herb of coccinia grandis leaf and fruit posses anti hyperglycemic activity. The juice of the stem is dripped into the eyes to treat cataracts.
Plants have the ability to synthesize phytochemicals of medicinal value and these products in turn can be used for therapeutic purposes especially in developing countries where resources are meagre. Many clinical trial studies has proven effectiveness and safety of this plant parts and derived formulations for antidiabetic effect. Objective coccinia indica synonym coccinia cordifolia, an herb growing abundantly in india, has been used in traditional treatment of diabetes. Although there is a rich reserve of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants, indepth studies have not been pursued yet to compile the ethnoflora with traditional medicinal applications for the scientific community. Phytochemical profile, aldose reductase inhibitory, and. Antibacterial, antioxidant and cell proliferative properties of coccinia. Coccinia grandis is a type plant belonging to the cucurbitaceae commonly known as gourd. Ivy gourd is a plant grown in tropical climates that is used for food and medicinal purposes. Antidiabetic and hypolipidemic effects of different fractions of coccinia cordifolia l.
This plant may be known by one or more common names in. Journal of pharmacy research, 5 many clinical trial studies has proven effectiveness and safety of this plant parts and derived formulations for antidiabetic effect. It grows primarily in tropical climates and is commonly found in the southern indian states, where it forms a part of the local cuisine. We assessed the efficacy of coccinia grandis locally known as ken, kovakka leaves as a hypoglycemic agent.
Hypoglycemic activity and phytochemical screening on. Effect of supplementation of coccinia cordifolia extract on newly detected diabetic patients. Coccinia grandis, the ivy gourd, also known as scarlet gourd, tindora and kowai fruit, is a tropical vine. The juice of the roots and leaves is considered to be a useful treatment for diabetes. Cucurbitaceae cucumber family, gourd family medicinal use of ivy gourd. Phytochemical screening and gcms analysis in wild variety. Asteraceae, commonly known as lilac tasselflower is an important edible medicinal plant found to be used as one of the popular ingredients of traditional vegetable salads in malaysia, bangladesh and india. Mainly in its fruit had rich value of antidiabetic properties com paratively other parts of plant of coccinia indica. Medicinal plants in the south pacific publication author publisher who regional publications, manilla. Ivy gourd scientifically known as coccinia grandis is actually a smooth,ovoid to ellipsoid berry which is green with longitudinal stripes when young turning bright red when ripe. Costus speciosus and coccinia grandis are plants which contain reservoirs of antidiabetic effects as well as other medicinal properties. Effect of supplementation of coccinia cordifolia extract. A downloadable pdf document of a book in prepublication. Apart from their delightful taste ivy gourd is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and mineral.612 1624 1171 539 1579 1588 414 492 274 629 569 990 1548 703 294 700 1434 578 1510 293 1642 1513 212 928 923 336 954 323 832 6